Grand Theme

In a span of decades, the world has experienced rapid changes and development in global societies. As time passes, the discourses and innovations are to be considered unprecedented. The necessity to acknowledge and consider the previous innovations to reflect a greater future is pivotal. Hence, such a notion serves to be the essence of development.

Considering the changes and developments occurring in the world, global challenges remain to increase in dynamic with global development. Therefore, it lies on the hands of the current youth and future generations to mobilize contemporary ideas and discourses to resolve the ever growing global challenges. With the rapid technological advancements, the youths bear the potential to undertake challenges through the utilization of technologies. Subsequently, the minimization of global strifes resides by the great minds of the youth.

Surabaya Model United Nations 2021 proudly presents our grand theme . We invite delegates to give aspirations and real action by joining the crowd and see you in NOVEMBER!

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Mitigation of Infrastructural Inequalities: the Advancement of Rural Areas through Technological Development


The lack of infrastructure in rural communities significantly impacts the lives of the people living in them. With the surging rate of globalization and rapid change of digitization, these communities are further left behind on infrastructure, one of the most prominent examples would be the unequal and inadequate educational and healthcare infrastructures. Comprehensive strategies are needed to deal with the infrastructure gap by recognizing the different starting points of rural areas and villages, and co-designing infrastructure pathways from the bottom-up while at the same time building bridges with the essential top-down strategies. Development programs and solutions with the use of technology are necessary approaches to overcome infrastructural barriers in rural regions such as remoteness from society, insufficient assistance of basic needs, as well as the lack of rural resilience.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Sustainable Ecosystem Restoration through Deployment of Technological Advancements


The well-being of the world population has depended on the earth’s ecosystem and its biodiversity since the dawn of history. Yet, ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss is still happening at unprecedented rates, imposing threats not only towards nature itself, but also the people who live in it. While the environmental aspect is indisputably a pressing issue to address, it is equally urgent to highlight the socio-economic impact of this degradation. On June 2021, UNEP released a synthesis report for the #GenerationRestoration movement as a call to action to prevent, halt and reverse the degradation of ecosystems worldwide. “Degradation is already affecting the well-being of an estimated 3.2 billion people — that is 40 percent of the world’s population,” UNEP executive director Inger Andersen and FAO director-general Qu Dongyu, wrote in the report. A comprehensive approach to sustainable initiatives is necessary in order to overcome the challenges in ecosystem restoration efforts, and that includes the deployment of science and technology where it is feasible.

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

Assessing the Utilization of Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Weapon in Common Warfare


The world has moved on from the age of armored warfare which began in the 1940s. Massive technological advancements have been made in the field of combat and weaponry since that time. We are now at a new age. An age where ballistic missiles can be launched from a different continent, an age where missile defense systems are so advanced it can pinpoint incoming rockets and explode them mid-air with little need of human intervention (iron dome), and an age where tanks and jets can roam the battlefield unmanned. All these advancements were largely thanks to the 21st-century-born invention called ‘artificial intelligence or in short: AI. AI has seeded countless useful day-to-day use-cases in which we mostly take for granted. It is rooted in the applications we use, the phone we carry everywhere we go, the search engine we heavily rely on, the cars we drive, and the list goes on. However, artificial intelligence is a technology that has the ability to reap havoc on targets with a press of a button. If a war were to break out, it would be a totally different kind of warfare. This then raises many questions-- should a new, updated war playbook be created to anticipate and prevent the potential mass destruction a new war can inflict, especially to the innocent?